How to distinguish the six major teas: green tea, white tea, yellow tea, green tea, black tea, and black tea?

China is the hometown of tea, not only because the world ’s first tea tree was cultivated here, but also because tea has become a culture and an integral part of Chinese culture and character.
How to distinguish the six major teas? Are green tea, white tea, yellow tea, black tea, green tea, and black tea made from different tea tree leaves?
Tell you today! In fact, the same leaf can be used to make six major teas.
The classification is based on the tea-making method and the theory of the discoloration of tea, and the different colors based on the "fermentation degree" of the internal changes of each tea in the production method, the oxidation degree of flavanols, the speed, and the sequence This new classification method systematically divides tea leaves into six major teas: green tea, yellow tea, black tea, white tea, green tea, and black tea.
Today I will explain the basic understanding of the six major teas in China!
Green tea: fresh without fermentation
The characteristic of green tea is that the high temperature quickly destroys the enzymes in fresh leaves after picking, and inhibits the oxidation of tea polyphenols. Therefore, green tea has the characteristics of "three greens": dry tea green, tea soup green, and the bottom of the leaves after brewing is also green.
Green tea processing technology:

How to drink:
The temperature of green tea is generally 85 ℃. The brewing time is preferably 2-3 minutes. The ratio of green tea to water is 1:50. In terms of tea set, you can choose porcelain cup or transparent glass. Do not cover the lid when brewing.
[Best for the crowd]
It is suitable for young people who are busy with work and use a lot of computers; those who are too hot, have a strong stomach, and are full of energy can also drink more; Note: Green tea is rich in nutrition, but it has a greater irritation to the stomach, so people with allergies and spleen and stomach are cold Not suitable; not suitable for those with weak nerves and insomnia.
White tea: easy to make without fermentation
White tea is the simplest kind of tea. It is brewed naturally for two or three days without any micro-fermentation. It does not promote or inhibit the oxidation of tea polyphenols. White tea and dry tea are so white that they look like a snow-capped hill from a distance, hence the name whitetea.
White tea processing technology:
If it is brewed in a bowl, sitting in the cup (soak time of each brewing tea) for a longer time, the soup color will be light yellow or apricot. White tea and dry tea look too green or too red, which are all defects in the manufacturing process.
How to drink:
Making white tea is very simple. Use boiling water, grab a pinch of the cup and brew.
[Best for the crowd]
Suitable for people with stress and stress; drinking white tea for children is good for eye protection.
Yellow tea: lightly fermented "boring" yellow
Yellow tea is rare, and even people living in the tea area may not know about it. Anyone who knows how to cook will know that greens will turn yellow when stuffed in the pot. So is yellow tea. After killing green tea like green tea, yellow tea turns the tea leaves of green tea into yellow by moist heat and dry heat.
Yellow tea processing technology:
How to drink:
Yellow tea can be brewed with a small amount of water at 90 ° C for 30 seconds to 1 minute, and then to eight minutes full, and can be consumed after 2 to 3 minutes. Leave 1/3 of the water after drinking for a second bubble.
[Best for the crowd]
Suitable for indigestion and loss of appetite.
Green tea: a compromise between semi-fermented characteristics
Green tea, also called oolong tea, belongs to semi-fermented tea, but this "half" is not very accurate. Because in oolong tea, the lightest fermented bagged tea is close to green tea, and the most fermented oriental beauty tea is close to black tea (both types of extreme tea are from Taiwan). The largest output of oolong tea is in Fujian. Tieguanyin and Dahongpao, which are well known to the public, belong to oolong tea.
Green tea processing technology:
Wither-make green-stir-fried green-roll (shape)-dry
How to drink:
To make oolong tea, use utensils that are easy to separate from the water (a bowl, a pot, or a flowing cup), and be sure to use boiling water at 100 ° C. Cover it after brewing. Note that every time you brew it, you have to pour the tea soup clean so that it will not affect the taste of the next brew.
[Best for the crowd]
Suitable for the widest group of people, especially for people who need to lose weight, eat too much, and feel irritable.
Black tea: fully fermented tea soup red
Withering, rolling, and fermentation are all to promote the oxidation of tea polyphenols in black tea. Tea polyphenol itself is a colorless substance. Among them, catechins are polymerized to form yellow theaflavin and red theaflavin during the processing of black tea. Therefore, the tea soup of black tea is bright and the leaf bottom is also red. It is just that during the drying process of black tea, due to the loss of water, the color of the tea pigment on the surface of the tea deepens, so the dry tea of black tea is black.
Black tea processing technology:
How to drink:
Black tea is best made with freshly boiled water. The brewing time is preferably 3 ~ 5 minutes. Black tea is best brewed in a glass cup. You can use the medium shot method. First pour about 1/10 of the hot water in the cup, then add 3 to 5 grams of tea, and then pour water along the glass wall to brew. bubble. Finally, don't drink new tea for black tea, drink it after half a month.
[Best for the crowd]
It is most suitable for those with weak body, poor spleen and stomach function, and cold hands and feet. Black tea is the best choice for drinking.
Black Tea : Post-fermented Tea Horse Road
It is also a tea that promotes tea polyphenol oxidation and endoplasmic transformation. The difference between black tea and black tea is that the enzymatic reaction of black tea comes from the enzyme of tea itself, while black tea comes from the enzyme produced by microorganisms. Therefore, black tea is called post-fermented tea that inhibits tea's own enzyme activity and promotes microbial activity. Black tea has certain effects such as promoting digestion and regulating intestinal microbial flora.
Black tea processing technology:
How to drink:
Black tea can be boiled if it is coarse and old, and it can be brewed with 100 ℃ boiling water if it is tender.
[Best for the crowd]
Degreasing and degreasing effect is strong, suitable for obese, high blood sugar, high blood lipids, smoking and drinking, constipation. Due to its mild nature, those with debilitating constitution are more suitable.
Editor-in-chief: Shuifangzi
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