A Brief History of the Development of Chinese Tea

China is the first country in the world to discover and use tea trees. In ancient times, ordinary people have discovered and used tea trees, such as Shennong's <Compendium of Materia Medica>: "Shennong tasted Baicao, and when it came to seventy-two poisons, it was solved by tea." From 1122-1116 BC, Bashu in China had tea. Record of "tribute".
During the period of Emperor Xuan Emperor (57-54 BC) << Tong Yue >> by the Shu people Wang Shu, there are sentences such as "Wuyang real tea" and "tea-making appliances". Wuyang is now Pengshan County, Sichuan Province. This shows that during the Qin and Han dynasties, tea produced in Sichuan has begun to take shape, and tea has also been improved. Tea has color, aroma, and flavor characteristics, and has been used for many purposes, such as medicinal, funeral, ritual, edible, or It is a luxury for the upper class; a tea distribution market like Wuyang has been formed.
In the late Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods and the early years of the Western Han Dynasty, there were several large-scale wars in China's history, and large population migrations, especially after Qin unified Sichuan, promoted the exchange of goods and economic exchanges in Sichuan and elsewhere, tea planting in Sichuan, and production technology And drinking customs, began to spread to the economic, political, cultural center of Shaanxi, Henan and other places at the time, Shaanxi. Henan became one of the oldest northern tea areas in China. Then it gradually moved along the Yangtze River to the middle of the Yangtze River. The lower reaches and spread to Southern provinces. According to historical data, Han Wang to Yiling Jiangsu ’s Yiling ’s “tea boy art tea” “Han Xianshi tea”, and Han Xuan celebrity Ge Xuan set up a “tea planting garden” in Tianshan, Zhejiang, indicating that the tea trees in Sichuan in the Han Dynasty had spread to Jiangsu The area around Zhejiang. Jiangnan's first tea drinking record began in the Three Kingdoms. In << Wu Zhi. Xuan Chuan >>, he once told the story of Sun Hao replacing tea with alcohol.
During the Northern and Southern Dynasties (265-587), tea production gradually increased, and Zheng Yu's drinking tea records are more often recorded in history books. By the end of Jin Dynasty, the commercialization of tea had reached a considerable level, and the production of tea had also increased. Luxury goods. After tea became a commodity, in order to obtain high prices for sale, it was engaged in fine-gathering to improve the quality. In the early Southern and Northern Dynasties, the above-mentioned teas were used as tribute, and in the << Wuxingji >> by Song Shanqian in the Southern Dynasty, it contained : "In Wucheng County, Zhejiang Province (now Wuxing County), there are Wenshan in the west, and the tea produced by it is used as a tribute." In the Han Dynasty, Buddhism was introduced into China from the western region, and it became more popular in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Zuzen, tea drinking can calm the spirit, tea drinking at night can drive sleep, and tea has forged an indissoluble bond with Buddhism, and the reputation of tea has become famous all over the world. Therefore, some famous mountains and rivers where monks and monasteries are located in the mountains and feudal estates have begun. Planting tea trees. Many of China's famous teas were originally planted in Buddhist and Taoist resorts, such as Mengding, Lushan Clouds, Huangshan Maofeng, and Tiantai Huading, Yandang Maofeng, Tianri Clouds, Tianmu Clouds, and Tianmu. Jinqingding. Camellia nearby. Longjing the like, in the mountains and rivers are temples From this perspective, Buddhists and Taoists believe in the cultivation and harvest of tea. The spread also played a certain role. After the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the so-called scholar-officials tributary, escaped from reality, lightened all day, tea was poemed, and tea consumption was greater. Tea in Jiangnan has become a kind of ordinary drink that "both houses are drunk" and "the seats are actually drunk", which indicates that the Kelai has become a courtesy in Jiangnan.
The Tang dynasty ruled the world, repaired the culture, paid attention to farming, and promoted the development of tea production. Because of domestic peace, social stability, and agriculture. With the development of handicraft production, tea production and trade also quickly flourished, becoming our history At the first peak, tea drinkers throughout the country, and in some places, households have become a custom of drinking tea. Tea is produced in the Yangtze River, the Pearl River Basin and Shaanxi. Many states and counties in 14 districts, including Henan, used Wuyi tea The steamed green tea collected is very famous. After the middle Tang Dynasty, there were more than 70 prefectures of tea produced in the country, with more than 340 counties under management, and they are distributed in 14 provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions, and two Song dynasties. The production of tea has gradually developed from the Tang Dynasty to the fifth generation. The tea producing areas throughout the country have expanded, and there are many refined teas everywhere, and the output of tea has also increased.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the tea production had a greater development.By the middle of the Yuan Dynasty, the people's tea-making skills continued to improve, and they paid attention to tea making skills.Some of them became local teas, which were regarded as treasures at the time and extremely popular in the south. Another achievement in the production of tea was the use of machinery to make tea. According to Wang Ji's records, in some areas at that time, water-to-continuous grinding was used, that is, the use of water to drive the tea mill and the vertebral shredded tea was obviously more advanced than the milled tea in the Song Dynasty. step.
In the first year of Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang abolished some past malpractices and set up a tribute to Fenglong in the tea industry. This measure played a certain role in promoting the development of tea-making skills. Therefore, the Ming Dynasty was the development of ancient tea-making in China. The fastest. An important era with the greatest achievements. It laid a good foundation for the development of modern tea-making technology. The development of tea-making in the Ming Dynasty was first reflected in the advancement of tea-making technology. Twisting is only "slightly rubbing." In the Ming Dynasty, it was generally changed to stir-fry. A few places used sun-greening, and began to notice that the appearance of tea leaves was beautiful, and the tea was kneaded into strips. Therefore, general tea drinking was no longer required. Fry, and gradually change to making tea.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty, tea production in mainland China was quite developed. There are 16 provinces (regions) in mainland China. More than 600 counties (cities) produce tea with an area of more than 1,500 square acres, ranking first in the world for tea producing countries and accounting for the area of tea gardens in the world. 44% of the total production has exceeded 8 million cadres, ranking second in the world, accounting for 17% of the world's total output. In 1984, the country exported more than 2.8 million quintals of tea, accounting for about 16% of the world's total tea exports. General. According to data records, in 1880, China exported 2.54 million quintals of tea, and in 1886 it reached 2.68 million quintals, which was the best record of tea exports in mainland China at that time.
Editor-in-chief: Nausicaa
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