| Because of the exquisite and good quality of Beiyuan tribute tea and the great pursuit of the ruling class, it not only became a material symbol of the flourishing tea industry in the Song Dynasty, but also became a unique cultural phenomenon, which promoted the tea drinking fashion and cultural trend in the Song Dynasty. Beiyuan tea culture has become a considerable part of the tea culture in the Song Dynasty. |
1. The reason why Beiyuan tea culture is popular is not only because the ruling class is popular, but also the court officials.
(A) the love and pursuit of the ruling class.
Beiyuan tribute tea, "Don't drink it," is the royal tribute for the ruling class from beginning to end.
Song Dynasty monarch's admiration and craving for Beiyuan tribute tea, and the preaching and teaching of priests and scribes made Beiyuan tea a rare item that everyone would like to follow.
It also urged local tea officials in Fujian to continue to dig hollow to make tribute tea, which was continuously conveyed to the court, and became more and more luxurious.
The Song Dynasty literati doctors with good tea affairs had great enthusiasm to appreciate and play. A large number of works describing the praise of Gongcha in Beiyuan emerged from the tea poems of the Song Dynasty.
As Yang Yi's poem:
"Spiritual buds show tongues, Beiyuan spring before rain".
Before the thunder rose, officials and tea farmers from Beiyuan had already entered the mountain sacrifice, drumming and shouting the mountain to show the solemnity of picking tea.
This unique "Shout Mountain" activity also became part of Beiyuan Tea Culture.
Beiyuan tribute tea is not only a rare tea tribute, but also a symbol of feudal social power, highlighting the prestige of the royal family, and embodying the social and life values of scholars and doctors.
In the final analysis, Beiyuan tea culture is a palace tea culture full of aristocratic flavor, with a strong mark of supremacy of imperial power.
Its prosperity and survival depend on the guidance and promotion of the ruling class.
(2) Attracted all the court officials to "fold down."
The Song Dynasty pursued a policy of "emphasizing the use of culture but not the military", and the status and treatment of scholars were generally rich.
The Emperor of the Song Dynasty often gave tribute tea to ministers and relatives of the emperor, in order to show the magnificence of the emperor and his love for talent.
Of course, not everyone can get tea from the emperor.
Only the heroes and dignitaries who have close relations with the royal family can get it, which also shows that only the close friends and pets can get the emperor's reward.
Therefore, it is very rare and honorable for the scholars in Song Dynasty to get tea from the court.
Ouyang Xiu had the honour of being rewarded with a cake of dragon dragon tea, which was rewarded by Song Renzong.
This was not a simple tea for him, but an affirmation that the emperor had bowed to him for years.
At the same time, Beiyuan tribute tea is also the most precious and elegant gift in interpersonal communication in the Song Dynasty.
The Northern Song poet Wang Anshi valued his affection very much, and sent a part of the dragon and phoenix tea given by the emperor to his younger brother.
Bu Buzhi was fortunate enough to receive a small group of dragon tea from his friend Huang Ting. As a rough official, he could not help feeling ashamed, and was also very excited.
2. In addition to beloved by rulers and ministers, Beiyuan Gongcha also attracted many literati to write articles for its extraordinary tea character.
(1) Scholars in Song Dynasty expressed their feelings with tea.
The Song Dynasty was an era of prosperous culture and prosperous science. Literati in the Song Dynasty paid more attention to shaping the heart and cultivating moral practice.
This kind of speculative spirit that is good at self-examination and self-cultivation is often exalted in the "justification of things".
As the so-called micro-words contain great meaning and micro-things, they can understand the truth from even a small thing, and then think about the universe and life.
Tea, which grows in the deep valleys of the forest, is cold and clean, and has the natural characteristics of digestion and stagnation, and refreshing thinking.
Since ancient times, it has been regarded as a cultural symbol of meditation, cleanliness, and frugality, and has been endowed with the traditional aesthetic experience of being distant and returning to life.
These human attributes are highly consistent with the introspective and introspective mentality of the Song Dynasty and the self-cultivation method that is keen on philosophy.
Among the tea poems of the Song Dynasty, the literati Mo Ke raised tea to a high-class state, chanted his emotions with tea, and cultivated his personality and perfected his personality in the tea fragrance.
As the leader of Song Tea, Beiyuan Tea has also become the most popular lyric object of poets.
While appreciating Beiyuan tea, they meditate, or talk about it.
Through poems, she expresses her high aspirations and philosophies of life, as well as the rational exercise of her own character cultivation, and seeks a natural, indifferent, and simple spiritual land in one taste and one drink.
Beiyuan Tea also completed the transcendence from materiality to spirituality.
(B) Tea literati personified by tea.
Song literati endowed tea with a rich cultural connotation and personified it.
In the tea poems of the Song Dynasty, poets compared Beiyuan tea to gentlemen, in order to praise the dignified and unyielding pride and the extraordinary personality, so as to express their clean and encouraging conduct.
Su Shi believes that Jiancha has the gentleman's nature, is bitter and hard and neutral, which is admirable and cute.
Just like the daring and honest Han Dynasty minister, he is dark and generous, and has a gentlemanly style with a strong backbone.
In the writing of the Song Dynasty literati, Beiyuan Chaduo blended with the image of a gentleman who is "unclean and unstainable."
Immediately afterwards, Su Shi made a sharp contrast, placing the grass tea on the opposite side of Jiancha, comparing it to a villain.
Caocha is a villain in Chao Dynasty with a stigma. It is charming and stubborn and frivolous. Even if there is a good variety, it is as cautious as Zhang Yu, the prime minister of the Han Dynasty, and lacks the spirit of bones.
The poet compares Jiancha and Caocha to Jun and villain, admiring the loyal and loyal ministers, and deprecating the despicable villain who plays with power.
This derogatory attitude was a critique of the socio-political environment at that time, and it was also a poet's self-examination and encouragement of moral character.
The tea-like elegance and harmony with the human nature of Gao Jiehuangyuan complement each other, reflecting the Song Dynasty literati's emphasis on their own moral cultivation and the pursuit of extraordinary spiritual realm.
(3) The literati in the Song Dynasty gave tea to spirit.
Scholars in the Song Dynasty were more inclined to inner cultivation and awareness, and attached great importance to the value of individual life.
As far as possible outside the official career, seek the natural balance of the soul and the improvement of your personality.
Beiyuan Tea is soaked with the persevering charm of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Drinking Beiyuan Tea has naturally become one of the best ways for literati to relax and improve their minds.
The integration of the concept of self-cultivation and self-examination in the Song Dynasty made Beiyuan Tea a high-end and imperial spirit.
It is associated with the vast silence of the heavens and the mountains, and the ultra-darkness of spiritual practice.
The literati in Song Dynasty regarded tasting tea and talking about tea as an important way to converge sentiment and shape personality. They cooked tea in the clear winds of pine trees and sparse forests.
Feel the ideal state of all things being smelt and unity of heaven and man, the emotion can be cultivated and reborn, and the state of mind can be refined and sublimated.
In the elegant fragrance of Beiyuan tea, the literati Mo Ke observes and comprehends himself, pondering in the tranquility and tranquility of nature.
This is not only the process of the Song Dynasty literati's reflection on life and self-cultivation, but also the process of insisting on ethics and forging the soul.
3. The contributions made by the literati to the Beiyuan tea culture have produced many recreational activities, which in turn promoted the prosperity of the Song Dynasty city.
The Song Dynasty handicraft industry and commerce developed rapidly, a large number of prosperous cities appeared, and the city's economy was highly developed.
All these laid the material foundation and life connotation of the social customs in the Song Dynasty, and especially profoundly affected the daily behavior and existence consciousness of all social strata.
The royal and scholar-class life is superior and luxurious, and the general public also prefers enjoyment.
They attach importance to the artistic elements in daily life, pursue the relaxation and joy of the world, and the social life consciousness and survival mode show the trend of amusement.
Ci, miscellaneous drama, and puppet drama have developed rapidly, and various literary and artistic forms have emerged for entertainment purposes.
As the characteristic tea fighting custom in Beiyuan tea culture, it is a typical reflection of this recreational spirit.
Doudou, also known as "茗 战", is a popular tea evaluation activity in the Song Dynasty that combines athleticism, entertainment, and artistry.
Before paying tribute to new tea every year, Beiyuan must first conduct a trial to evaluate the quality of tea to determine the winner.
The fighting tea has excellent quality, the tea taste is better than tincture, and the tea aroma is better than blue tincture.
The utensils and water used are very exquisite and exquisite, and the tea skills of tea people have reached a state of magic.
In the process, the fairness and fierceness of the tea fighting competition were particularly emphasized. Everyone's eyes examined, the fingers gestured, the winner fluttered like an immortal, and the loser felt complacent.
Tea fighting in the Song Dynasty was not only an entertainment, but also a way for Song people to enjoy life and pursue art.
For the people of the Song Dynasty, tea fighting was not only a game of tea quality, water quality, and tea skill, but also an artistic aesthetic enjoyment and a spiritual gathering.
The practice of fighting tea has gradually departed from the original intention of selecting tribute tea, and has become an intriguing social and cultural phenomenon, which actually highlights the artistic and poetic life of the Song Dynasty.
It is a great pleasure in Song people's life to be able to use Beiyuan Dragon Group Tribute Tea and play tea with friends.
The Song people treat life with the same attitude of light and dust, and focus on the pursuit of the meaning of individual life.
Can abandon the reality of worries, enjoy the joy of life, and enjoy the life of art in daily tasting and tea art activities.
Beiyuan tea culture is not only a regional characteristic culture, but also has a strong radiant power and influence, leading the emergence and prosperity of tea culture throughout the Song Dynasty.
The tea poetry of the Song Dynasty is the best medium to analyze the spiritual core of Beiyuan tea culture. At the same time, it enriches the expression form and inner meaning of Beiyuan tea culture.
Through the star-studded tea poems of the Song Dynasty, we can clearly understand the multi-dimensional spiritual world of the Song people.
Especially with Beiyuan Tea as the subject to observe the inner self-examination and the exploration of artistic beauty, and deeply appreciate the unique cultural character and aesthetic taste of the Song Dynasty.
Through the analysis of the tea poems related to the Song Dynasty in the above three points, we can feel the character of the times and the psychology of society.
Thus, a thorough understanding of the ideological core of tea culture in Beiyuan reflects the deep understanding of the tea culture of the Song Dynasty and the artistic ideas of the literati in the Song Dynasty.
The Song Dynasty scholars wrote numerous literary works about Beiyuan Gongcha, especially many poems with good reputation.
As Lin Ying's:
"The stone mill flies lightly, and the milk flowers cook Jianxi Chun."
A large number of tea poems about Beiyuan played a role in promoting the development of tea culture in Beiyuan. The introduction of literati also enhanced the inner thinking and spiritual meaning of Beiyuan tea culture.
Beiyuan tribute tea, the brightest page in tea history
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