| In the early Ming dynasty, the Yibang Mountain had grown into a tea garden, and ethnic groups such as Dai, Hani, Yi, Brown, and Jinuo lived here to grow tea. The central town of Yishan Chashan is Yibang Street, also known as Yibang, which was called Mola Yibang in the Ming Dynasty. It is translated as a place with tea trees and water wells. In the four years of Ming Longqing (1570), when the division of Xuanwei in the car divided the twelve Banna, the six major Chashan and the whole Dong were combined into one Banna, which was called Chashan Banna and also called the Banna whole Dong, and the government office of Chashan Banna was located in Yibang. From the four years of Ming Longqing to the end of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, Yibang has been the political center and administrative place of the six major Chashans. In the seventh year of the Yongzheng reign of Qing Dynasty (1729), the Qing government reformed and returned to Xishuangbanna, and established Pu'er House. The six major tea mountains were drawn from the jurisdiction of Xuanwei Division in the car and put under Pu'er House. Cao Dangzhai, Yibang soil prince, was assisted by the Qing army in helping the Qing army to rehabilitate the country. He was conferred the title by the Qing government as Yiqian Tuqian (children descended to Tujiang total). Beginning with Cao Dangzhai, the Cao family has hereditaryly managed Yibang Chashan, Gedeng Chashan, Mangzhi Tea Book, and Brick Brick Tea Mountain for nearly two hundred years. |
According to the Record of Pu'er's Mansion during the Daoguang Reign, Puer tea was procured by Yibang Tuqian (Cao Dangzhai later), starting from the thirteenth year of Yongzheng (1735), and Mansong tea of Yibang was designated as Emperor's special tea. In the early years of the Republic of China, the tea processing centers and trading centers of the six major tea mountains had moved to Yiwu, and the population of Yibang had halved, but there were Qingtai, Shengyu, Yuanchang, Huimin, Songyuan, Hongchang, Yangpin, Shengyixiang, Qingfeng and other ten tea numbers, according to the Yunnan Provincial Library's library qualifications analysis, Yibang had tea numbers at least in the last year of Qianlong.
The Englishman Clarke wrote in the book "Guizhou and Yunnan Province" written in the 11th year of Guangxu (1886) that "the famous Pu'er tea is produced in the Yishan Tea Mountain ... There are many Jiangxi and Hunan people doing it in Yibang Every year, a large number of goods are shipped from Yibang to Myanmar, and there are tea trades between Yangon, Shan, Kolkata, Kalimpong, and Sikkim. "According to Clark's records, Yibang tea has been sold to India and India during Daoguang years. Europe. In 1937, the French prevented Yunnan tea from entering Laizhou in Vietnam, and the sales of Yibang tea were broken. Then the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War broke out, and all teas were closed. The tea merchants and farmers in Yibang gradually moved out of business, and the lively and enthusiastic two hundred years of Yibang fell into a cold and depression.
In 1942, Yibang, which was already very weak, was again doomed, and the Yule people in Yorakushan broke into Yibang. The fire burned Yibang for three days and three nights. The ancient town built for hundreds of years, all countless beautiful buildings. Dissipated. This calamity made Yibang's vitality dissipate and could not be revived. Hundreds of families moved to other places. The deserted Yibang was gradually forgotten in the depths of the mountains. Decades have passed, and so far there are only 30 households in Yibang, most of whom are descendants of tea merchants. They guard the ancestral tea gardens and are unwilling to leave. Today, when I walked into Yibang, I could smell the fragrance of ancient tea. I can also see the tea house ruins, the abutment of a large temple, the pedestal stones of Tusifu, the "long ridge back" stone street, the tea tokens of Pu'er, Qianlong The emperor's fatal monument, these relics and monuments are the history of solidification, recording the pain of Yibang and its glory.
Yibang Chashan is located in the northernmost part of Mengla County, Xishuangbanna Prefecture. The area of Chashan is about 360 square kilometers. It is a brick tea mountain in the south, connected to Gedeng in the west, and Mansa (Yiwu) in the east. Among them Xi Xi, Jiabu, Mangong, Mansong, etc. belong to Yibangzi Chashan. Its tea tree is a small and medium leaf tea tree species with special quality characteristics in Xishuangbanna. The unique tree species also make it unique in style, so that it can stand out among many Pu'er tea producing areas in Yunnan and become the Royal Pu'er Gong tea in the Qing Dynasty.
In the Qing Dynasty, the ancient six major chashans only set up the Toast Office in Yibang and Yiwu. The Yibang Toast Office contained in the "Inscriptions on Yong'an Bridge" and "The Stop Price Stele" are "Military Secretary Office" and "Local Prime Minister Tea". "Politics and management of money and food affairs, military power, and government cabinet," clearly states that Yibang was the administrative organ of the Qing Dynasty to manage the six ancient Chashans, and Yiwu Tusi was only the "Ministry of Military Affairs." In the "Silver Tablets for Tea Collection by Tea" originally located in the Toast House of Yibang, the words "Gongdian" and "Gong Tea" appeared many times, and it was also specifically stated that "Gong Tea should be paid for Gong Tea". From this, it can be proved from one aspect that Yibang Tea was one of the Royal Pu'er Gong teas in the Qing Dynasty. (In the historical data left in Yiwu area, there is also a clear record of purchasing tribute tea. It can be seen that the Pu'er tribute tea in the Qing Dynasty should include more than one tea.) Everyone in the world has said that Mansong is the royal tribute tea, but in the Qing dynasty Mansong One of the five small tea mountains in the Yibang Tea Mountain is included in the Yibang Tea Mountain. It can be seen that Yibang tea is one of the most important tribute teas of the Qing Dynasty.
There is a saying in the Pu'er tea industry: The source of the Pu'er tea mature tea is that during the long-distance transportation of Pu'er tea in the Qing Dynasty through the ancient tea-horse road , after high temperature, rain, humidity, and broken packaging, etc., natural fermentation was formed, similar to modern cooked tea. The taste of old tea cooked by Hesheng was loved by the royal aristocrats in Beijing, so only the later artificial tea-making process was completed. As a matter of fact, in the Qing Dynasty, the court tribute tea "Guixinjianchen" has not yet formed some modern people's understanding of Pu'er tea "more and more fragrant," and there are regular examples of handling Chencha regularly. Therefore, the tea leaves existing in the Palace Museum can only be found in the late Qing Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, the packaging and transportation of Pu'er Gong tea was extremely particular. Tea cream should be placed in a satin box, and the tea should be stored in a wooden box. "Rui Tea" and "Bud Tea" should be sealed with tin bottles to prevent tea from entering. Smell during transportation. The time limit for transportation is extremely harsh. According to the "Regulations of the Ministry of Kings", the Ministry of Housing stipulates that the time limit for Yunnan Gong tea to be transported to Beijing is only 110 days, in order to ensure that the color, aroma and taste of Gong tea are unchanged.
In the "Pu'er Tea Records" of Ruan Fu in the Qing Dynasty, "Pu'er tea is famous all over the world, the taste is the most famous, and the Jingshi is especially important." The Pu'er tea, which is famous all over the world, is the ancient Pu'er tea which is well preserved in Yunnan. New tea for raw tea.
The beauty of Yibang Tea lies in its bitter, sweet, but domineering mellow taste. The full-bodied taste is intoxicating, and the distinctive aroma reveals the gentleman's style. Many of Yibang's beautiful manifestations of the gentleman's integrity and style, in line with the Chinese literati's pursuit of morality and aesthetics for thousands of years. Royal Tribute Tea is the gentleman's tea in my heart.
Relying on the fire one by one, Yibang seeks a clear moon and a bright moon!
People who read "Yibang one by one fire and nirvana for the sake of clear wind and bright moon!" Read the following article:
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- A Preliminary Study of Yunnan Tea Culture
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